Textile arts
Update: 22 March 2016

Textile arts

The history and art of the manufacturing of textile arts that have had pictures drawn and been dyed have been developed originally in Japan. Not only dyed goods and woven goods, but knitted goods and embroidered goods are textile arts, and Japan has many kinds of textile arts handicrafts that could be called works of art.

The history of Japanese textile arts and kimono

From around the 8th century, the technique of textile arts and woven goods started to enter Japan from mainland China, India, and Europe. The art of dyeing was suddenly developed in the Edo period and women's kimono in particular started to become glamorous. The development of manufacturing industry was promoted by each area, therefore, each area created its own original textile arts handicrafts and developed uniquely. In modern times, chemical dyes and artificial fibers are being used, and those products have become available at reasonable prices.

Changes in textile art products and kimono

Kimono, the representative native dress, is an internationally highly-valued clothing. Kosode (Japanese silk garment) the upper class people used to wear spread to the common people and kosode was dyed and weaved with vivid colors and patterns. It was modified into kimono and spread among the people. In modern days while many kimono made of synthetic fibers are available, the traditional techniques that have continued from long ago of dyeing and weaving have been registered as Intangible Cultural Property, preserved and inherited.

Types of dyes

Like indigo blue that is called "Japan Blue," various kinds of dyes are used for Japanese textile arts handicrafts. Many natural dyes from plants have been used for Japanese traditional handicrafts. There are several kinds of natural dyes such as "akane-iro" (madder red) made from roots of perennial vines of the family Rubiaceae, "murasaki-iro" (violet) made from roots of lithospermum purpurocaeruleum of the family Boraginaceae, and "ukon" (turmeric) made of ukon, a type of ginger. Also, there is an abudance in the variety of colors. Reddish colors have more than 10 types, such as sakura-iro (cherry blossom), nadeshiko-iro (pink), beni-iro (vermilion) and tsutsuji-iro (bright pink).

High-skill textile arts

There are many types of kimono available in various prices and suitable for various occasions in Japan. Also, places like Imabari in Ehime and Senshu in Osaka are famous as towel producing areas. There is a standard criteria, and if the products don't meet it, then they are not permitted to be put on the market. High-quality textile arts products, produced by modern latest technology, are on the market as well as traditional textile arts handicrafts.

*This information is from the time of this article's publication.

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