We will introduce the historical backgrounds and architectural styles of Japanese gardens.
The history of Japanese gardens
The first formal Japanese garden was built more than 1,000 years ago. There was a time when gorgeous and gardens were popular and many were built by those in power. On the other hand, there was another time when plain gardens drew people's attention and were loved for their beauties representing the nature.
Karesansui garden (Japanese rock garden)
This type of Japanese gardens depict the ocean through composed arrangements of sands, stones and rocks without using water to express abstract landscapes which is even referred to as beyond the nature. Waves and other patterns are carefully drawn on the ground covered with sands and pebbles to maintain the atmosphere. It is often meant to be appreciated from the room inside.
Tea garden (Roji)
Tea garden, also called roji (in Japanese kanji, it means an open field), was the basic model of later garden making. A tea garden is built in a space where the view can be enjoyed from the tea room inside. The sizes and forms of stepping-stones put on the ground is one of its characteristics. They don't look gorgeous but look very tasteful. Plants with strong fragrance are avoided at tea gardens, so that they will not interfere tea masters and their precious visitors enjoying the smells of flowers arranged in tea rooms.
Shoinzukuri garden (architectural style developed in the 14 century) was built in residence of samurai family. The view of the garden from inside the house was delicately designed.
Some Japanese gardens have illuminations after dark. Many are open to the public at such time of day, only during a limited duration. Often, those durations are matched to the seasons of cherry blossoms in the spring and red/yellow leaves in the autumn so that visitors can appreciate them.