Let's take a look at Japan's traffic rules and etiquette to make your trip safe and enjoyable.
Pedestrians keep to the right
Walking on a sidewalk is safe, of course, but be aware that in Japan, they are used by both pedestrians and bicycles. When crossing the road, it is best to do so at a cross-walk. While pedestrians have priority, make sure to check left and right for your own safety.
Vehicles drive on the left
Under the Japanese traffic rules, vehicles drive on the left. Hence, the drivers' seats in Japanese cars are on the right. Vehicles does not only mean cars but also motorbikes and bicycles which also must keep to the left when driving on the road.
Japanese traffic lights
The red, green and yellow of traffic lights might have the same meaning all over the world. When a traffic light turns red in Japan, the other side's light also stays red for another second. This short period of all lights being red is created to prevent collisions with cars that enter the intersection just before the traffic light changes. Needless to say, however, you should stop as soon as the light turns red.
Traffic lights with push-buttons for pedestrians
Apart from traffic lights that turn green for pedestrians automatically, there are also those that have a push-button for people who want to cross the road.
You will come across yellow studded paving blocks in Japanese stations or on sidewalks. These are called braille blocks and are an aid for visually impaired people, so make sure not to stand on these blocks.
Street parking is prohibited
In Japan, parking on the street is prohibited on almost all roads, even on a road shoulder. Even if it's just for 30 minutes, you may get a ticket for a parking offense if you park your car on the road.
Cars must stop at train crossings
At railway crossings, cars must stop for a short moment even if the crossing bar is not lowered. Apart from that, make sure that the car in front of you has crossed the entire railway crossing before continuing on the crossing yourself - cars go one by one here.
*This information is from the time of this article's publication.